White Collar Crime
A state or federal conviction for a white collar crime can affect your liberty, your immigration status, your finances and your reputation. Contact our offices immediately to protect yourself and the ones you love. Manzuri Law is skilled and experienced in defending those who are falsely accused and/or have made a bad decision. Don't let a fraud or other allegation ruin your life. Call us today.
Generally speaking, you violate California's criminal fraud laws anytime you:
- commit an act that results in an unfair or undeserved benefit for yourself and/or
- cause harm or loss to another person.
Fraudulent acts are most frequently driven by two motives: 1) financial gain, or 2) the desire to escape criminal culpability. That said, there are a substantial number of fraudulent acts that California penalizes, some that are clearly based on these motives and some that are not.
Many California fraud crimes are California “wobbler offenses,” which means that prosecutors may charge them as California misdemeanor offenses or California felony offenses , depending on:
- the facts of the case, and
- your criminal history.
There are also a number of California fraud offenses that are automatic felonies.
In addition, many fraud offenses are also federal crimes, which means that you could be prosecuted for a fraud offense in state court as well as in a federal court, subjecting you to increased penalties.
Fraud offenses are also typically considered crimes of moral turpitude under California law, which means that California fraud convictions subject even legal resident aliens to removal or deportation .
Furthermore, California fraud offenses mandate professional license suspension and/or revocation.
And finally, the government may validly seize any money or other property that was involved in the fraudulent activity through a process authorized under California fraud offenses.
California Embezzlement Laws
Penal Code § 503
Embezzlement is a white collar crime that is also commonly referred to as employee theft and employee fraud. California embezzlement is defined under Penal Code 503 PC as unlawfully taking something from another that has been entrusted to you.
The “entrusting” is the major difference between embezzlement and other types of theft. In order to be convicted of embezzling property, it must be property that you legally possessed or had authority to access.
Embezzlement is most frequently seen in connection with employment situations, which explains its other common names.
Because of the stigma that a California embezzlement charge carries, it is certainly a charge worth fighting. False accusations, misleading evidence, or even a lapse in judgment shouldn't jeopardize your future job opportunities… or, more importantly, your freedom.
Fortunately, there are a variety of California legal defenses that apply to fraud crimes that a skilled California white collar crimes attorney can present on your behalf. Some of the most common include (but are not limited to):
- you didn't have fraudulent intent (if you don't intend to commit a fraud, you are not guilty of committing fraud),
- you were the victim of mistaken identity, and/or
- you deserve an acquittal based on the legal defense of California entrapment (entrapment serves as a defense if you can prove that you only committed fraud because the police lured or coerced you into doing so.
Fight a California Fraud Charge with a White Collar Crimes Attorney
Fighting a California Fraud Charge can be daunting and confusing. Oftentimes, these are the most stressful cases for our clients because of future employment and immigration implications. Contact us today if you are being prosecuted or fear prosecution of a fraud related charge. Manzuri Law has had great success in resolving these cases without a blemish on clients' records.
California Forgery Laws
California Penal Code 470 PC prohibits forgery. Simply put, the California crime of forgery takes place when you knowingly do any of the following, intending to commit a fraud:
- Sign someone else's name,
- Fake a seal or someone else's handwriting,
- Change or falsify any legal document (like a will or a deed), or
- Fake, alter, or present as genuine a false document pertaining to money, finances, or property (like a check or a promissory note).
Under PC 470, prosecutors have wide discretion to charge you. It is imperative in these cases to get a lawyer early on. Manzuri Law has had great success in getting these cases resolved before charges are even filed. Contact us today to discuss your case specifically.
Embezzlement and Related California Criminal Offenses
In addition to Penal Code 484 theft (encompassing both grand theft and petty theft), there are a variety of other offenses that relate to California embezzlement law, typically because they are frequently charged together. To discuss the charges pending in your case with a skilled defense attorney, contact us.